运维人

03-k8s集群搭建—部署ETCD集群

0.解压安装分发etcd二进制包:

[root@linux-node1 src]# tar zxf etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64.tar.gz
[root@linux-node1 src]# cd etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# chmod +x etcdctl 
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# cp etcd etcdctl /opt/kubernetes/bin/ 
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# scp etcd etcdctl 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/bin/
[root@linux-node1 etcd-v3.2.18-linux-amd64]# scp etcd etcdctl 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/bin/

1.创建 etcd 证书签名请求:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cat > etcd-csr.json << EOF
{
  "CN": "etcd",
  "hosts": [
    "127.0.0.1",
"192.168.56.11",
"192.168.56.12",
"192.168.56.13"
  ],
  "key": {
    "algo": "rsa",
    "size": 2048
  },
  "names": [
    {
      "C": "CN",
      "ST": "BeiJing",
      "L": "BeiJing",
      "O": "k8s",
      "OU": "System"
    }
  ]
}
EOF

2.生成 etcd 证书和私钥:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
  -ca-key=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-key.pem \
  -config=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca-config.json \
  -profile=kubernetes etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd
# 会生成以下证书文件
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# ll etc*
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1062 May 28 15:39 etcd.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  287 May 28 15:38 etcd-csr.json
-rw------- 1 root root 1679 May 28 15:39 etcd-key.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1436 May 28 15:39 etcd.pem

3.将证书移动到/opt/kubernetes/ssl目录下:

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cp etcd*.pem /opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp etcd*.pem 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp etcd*.pem 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/ssl
[root@linux-node1 ~]# rm -f etcd.csr etcd-csr.json

4.增加etcd配置文件:

!!!!! 注意这里需要修改相关对应服务器的IP地址 !!!!!
[root@linux-node1 ~]# vim /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf
#[member]
ETCD_NAME="etcd-node1" # 修改节点对应名称
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
#ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNTER="10000"
#ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL="100"
#ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT="1000"
ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2380" # 修改对应服务器IP
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2379,https://127.0.0.1:2379"
#ETCD_MAX_SNAPSHOTS="5"
#ETCD_MAX_WALS="5"
#ETCD_CORS=""
#[cluster]
ETCD_INITIAL_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2380" # 修改对应服务器IP
# if you use different ETCD_NAME (e.g. test),
# set ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER value for this name, i.e. "test=http://..."
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER="etcd-node1=https://192.168.56.11:2380,etcd-node2=https://192.168.56.12:2380,etcd-node3=https://192.168.56.13:2380"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_STATE="new"
ETCD_INITIAL_CLUSTER_TOKEN="k8s-etcd-cluster"
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="https://192.168.56.11:2379" # 修改对应服务器IP
#[security]
CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_CA_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_CERT_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_KEY_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"
PEER_CLIENT_CERT_AUTH="true"
ETCD_PEER_CA_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem"
ETCD_PEER_CERT_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem"
ETCD_PEER_KEY_FILE="/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem"

5.增加etcd系统服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# cat  > /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service << EOF
[Unit]
Description=Etcd Server
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=simple
WorkingDirectory=/var/lib/etcd
EnvironmentFile=-/opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf
# set GOMAXPROCS to number of processors
ExecStart=/bin/bash -c "GOMAXPROCS=$(nproc) /opt/kubernetes/bin/etcd"
Type=notify
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

6.重新加载系统服务

[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl enable etcd

[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf 192.168.56.12:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service 192.168.56.12:/etc/systemd/system/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /opt/kubernetes/cfg/etcd.conf 192.168.56.13:/opt/kubernetes/cfg/
[root@linux-node1 ~]# scp /etc/systemd/system/etcd.service 192.168.56.13:/etc/systemd/system/
#在所有节点上创建etcd存储目录并启动etcd(注意这里需要三台尽量同时启动)
[root@linux-node1 ~]# mkdir /var/lib/etcd
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl start etcd
[root@linux-node1 ~]# systemctl status etcd
# 其他节点重复以上操作,直到所有机器的 etcd 服务都已启动。

7.验证ETCD集群

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# etcdctl --endpoints=https://192.168.56.11:2379 \
>   --ca-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/ca.pem \
>   --cert-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd.pem \
>   --key-file=/opt/kubernetes/ssl/etcd-key.pem cluster-health
member 6566e06d7343e1bb is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.11:2379
member 435fb0a8da627a4c is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.12:2379
member ce7b884e428b6c8c is healthy: got healthy result from https://192.168.56.13:2379
cluster is healthy  # 集群可用
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